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  1. The 415 test we just performed for plan year 2020 included the sum of the 2020 401(k) deferrals, the lump sum 2020 401(k) match determined and deposited in 2021, [there were no 401(k) forfeiture allocations made in 2020 or in 2021], the 12/31/20 ESOP contribution allocation, and the 12/31/2020 ESOP forfeitures allocation. Under this test let's say there is 415(c) room to do a Mega Backdoor Roth Contribution and for the sake of argument let's say the room is $20,000. I assume that this after-tax $20,000 should have been contributed in 2020, with an immediate Roth 401(k) conversion after each payroll contribution if that's how we do it. What happens if the participant over-contributes, for example, we allowed an after-tax contribution of $22,000 in 2020 vs the finally determined $20,000 that the max should have been. I assume the $2,000 plus earnings could have been returned by April 15, 2021 to avoid double taxes? Is that how a Mega Backdoor Roth is administered? Generally speaking, it always involves a return of excess before April 15? The earnings are taxable in the year of distribution, so no 2020 W-2 needs to be changed, right? Your advice would be appreciated. Thank you!
  2. Which States have a State income tax treatment for Roth 401(k) amounts that differs from the Federal income tax treatment?
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