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State and Local Governments Cut Personnel and Benefits
Date: Jan. 26, 2010
|But Struggle to Fill Some Critical Positions
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26 -- Hiring freezes, pay freezes, layoffs, and furloughs top the list of ways that local and state governments are cutting costs, according to an online survey of government managers by the Center for State and Local Government Excellence.
States and local governments also have made significant changes in their benefit offerings.
Half of the respondents, human resources professionals, report that their governments have made changes to their health care plans:
Among the 21 percent whose governments have changed their retirement plans, 73 percent say the changes have not affected current workers and 60 percent say the changes have not affected new hires.
There are signs that governments need a more strategic approach to their talent challenges. Survey respondents said they are struggling to fill certain critical positions, including jobs in engineering, skilled trades, information technology, health care, finance, law enforcement, and top management.
Even furloughs have not produced the savings that had been anticipated in some places. While 61 percent of respondents say that they achieved the savings that had been budgeted, 39 percent said they did not.
"Local and state governments face fiscal constraints for at least two more years, but they also face major talent challenges," said Elizabeth K. Kellar, president and CEO, Center for State and Local Government Excellence. "They must tighten their belts while keeping an eye on their aging workforce. Making sure they have the right people in place to provide critical services is just as important as balancing the budget."
The economic downturn has affected retirement plans, giving governments a little breathing room. Almost half (46 percent) of the survey's respondents report that retirement-eligible employees are postponing their retirements.
"The survey results highlight the short- and longer-term challenges facing governments," said Neil E. Reichenberg, executive director of IPMA-HR." In the short term, governments need to make sure that they are dealing effectively with the economic downturn, which has required many employers to make painful decisions that have impacted their most important asset their employees. Governments need to focus on workforce and succession planning so that they can address their talent needs when the economic recovery takes hold."
"It's key that governments utilize workforce plans that consider future talent needs when they are making these difficult staffing decisions forced by the significant fiscal constraints they're experiencing," added Leslie Scott, director of NASPE. "Our member states have noted that for the limited hiring that the states are currently doing, the applicant quality is higher and it's providing an opportunity to hire talented managers who may not have previously considered working for state government."
The survey was conducted among members of two groups of government professionals: the International Public Management Association for Human Resources (IPMA-HR), and the National Association of State Personnel Executives (NASPE). Of the members who responded to the electronic questionnaire, 78 percent work for local government; 14 percent for state government; 3 percent for federal government; and 5.4 percent for a non-government sector. Some questions elicited more responses than others.
Read the full survey online.
About the Center for State and Local Government Excellence
The Center for State and Local Government Excellence helps state and local governments become knowledgeable and competitive employers so they can attract and retain a talented and committed workforce. The Center identifies best practices and conducts research on competitive employment practices, workforce development, pensions, retiree health security, and financial planning. The Center also brings state and local leaders together with respected researchers and features the latest demographic data on the aging workforce, research studies, and news on health care, recruitment, and succession planning on its website, www.slge.org.
About the International Public Management Association for Human Resources
The International Public Management Association for Human Resources (IPMA-HR) is an association representing the interests of state, local, and federal sector human resources professionals. IPMA-HR provides human resource leadership and advocacy, professional development, information, and services to enhance public sector performance. Learn more at www.ipma-hr.org.
About the National Association of State Personnel Executives
NASPE represents the nation's state government human resource management directors and deputy directors and provides a national leadership forum to advance state government human resource management through the exchange of best practices, strategies, and solutions. Visit them on the web at www.naspe.net.
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