Subscribe (Free) to
Daily or Weekly Newsletters
Post a Job

Featured Jobs

Enrolled Actuary

Loren D. Stark Company
(Remote)

Loren D. Stark Company logo

Retirement Plan Relationship Manager – DB or DC Focus

Trinity Pension Consultants
(Remote / Akron OH / AL / IN / KY / MO / TN)

Trinity Pension Consultants logo

Chief Pension Actuary

Loren D. Stark Company
(Remote)

Loren D. Stark Company logo

Compliance Specialist II

EPIC RPS
(Remote)

EPIC RPS logo

401(k) Retirement Plan Administrator

Midwest TPA with Remote Workforce
(Remote / Beachwood OH)

Manager - Defined Contribution Plans

M2B Retirement Consulting LLC
(Remote / Wexford PA)

M2B Retirement Consulting LLC logo

Retirement Plan Administrator

CMC Pension Professionals
(Remote)

CMC Pension Professionals logo

Plan Administrator

Aimpoint Pension
(Remote / Pompano Beach FL)

Aimpoint Pension logo

Distribution \ Loan Clerk

Retirement, LLC
(Remote / Oklahoma City OK)

Retirement, LLC logo

DB/DC Administrator

Primark Benefits
(Remote / San Mateo CA)

Primark Benefits logo

DC Administrator

United Benefit Pensions Inc.
(Remote / Melville NY)

United Benefit Pensions Inc. logo

Senior Defined Contribution Account Manager

Nova 401(k) Associates
(Remote)

Nova 401(k) Associates logo

Retirement Plan Administrator

Hicks Pension Services
(Remote)

Hicks Pension Services logo

Site Manager / Senior Administrator

Nicholas Pension Consultants
(Remote / AZ / ID / NM / NV / UT)

Nicholas Pension Consultants logo

Plan Administrator Consultant

Jocelyn Pension Consulting
(Remote / Boulder CO)

Jocelyn Pension Consulting logo

Director of Pension Administration

Primark Benefits
(Remote / San Mateo CA)

Primark Benefits logo

Pension Administrator

MGKS
(Remote / Phoenix AZ)

MGKS logo

Retirement Plan Administrator

Hessel & Associates, LLC
(Remote / IL)

Hessel & Associates, LLC logo

View More Employee Benefits Jobs

Free Newsletters

“BenefitsLink continues to be the most valuable resource we have at the firm.”

-- An attorney subscriber

Mobile App image LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook icon

BenefitsLink > Q&A Columns >

Who's the Employer?

Answers are provided by S. Derrin Watson, JD, APM

Triple Attribution In Controlled Group

(Posted April 2, 2001)

Question 92: Corporation X owns 100% of Corporation Y. Corporation X is owned in equal proportions by two partnerships, Partnership 1 and Partnership 2. Partnership 1 is owned by Mike (2%) and Mrs. Mike (98%). Partnership 2 is owned by Dave (2%) and Mrs. Dave (98%). Each partnership also owns 50% of Corporation Z. The question is, do Corporation Y and Corporation Z constitute a brother-sister controlled group?

Answer: Yes, they do.

Let's simplify the facts just a bit. Dave and Mrs. Dave are each deemed to own 100% of Partnership 2, because there clearly would be attribution between husband and wife in this situation. Ditto Mike and Mrs. Mike for Partnership 1. So, to make it simple, I'm going to ignore the men and focus focus on the economic powerhouses in this question, the wives. I don't have to, but it makes life easier. Note, however, that I could just as easily focus on the husbands.

Mrs. Dave is deemed to own 100% of everything Partnership 2 owns. That means she is deemed to own 50% of X and 50% of Z. As half owner of X, she is deemed to own half of everything X owns, giving her 50% of Y as well. Similarly, Mrs. Mike is deemed to own 50% of all three corporations.

So we now have two individuals who each are deemed to own 50% of each of three corporations. That's as clear a brother-sister controlled group as you could wish.

Notice that this problem involves multiple layers of attribution. I attribute husband's stock to their wives. I attributed the partnership assets to the partners. I attributed X's assets to its deemed shareholders. The Y stock went through all three layers of attribution. That is perfectly permissible under the attribution rules of Internal Revenue Code section 1563.

For more information about controlled group attribution, see Chapter 7 of my book, Who's the Employer?.


Important notice:

Answers are provided as general guidance on the subjects covered in the question and are not provided as legal advice to the questioner or to readers. Any legal issues should be reviewed by your legal counsel to apply the law to the particular facts of this and similar situations.

The law in this area changes frequently. Answers are believed to be correct as of the posting dates shown. The completeness or accuracy of a particular answer may be affected by changes in the law (statutes, regulations, rulings, court decisions, etc.) that occur after the date on which a particular Q&A is posted.


Copyright 1999-2017 S. Derrin Watson
Related links:

(restricted access)

(restricted access)

© 2022 BenefitsLink.com, Inc.