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BenefitsLink > Q&A Columns >

Who's the Employer?

Answers are provided by S. Derrin Watson

No Sibling Attribution In Controlled Groups

(Posted July 1, 2002)

Question 207: Is there attribution between brothers and sisters for controlled group purposes? If so, perhaps the situation below is a controlled group.

Answer: No, there is never attribution between siblings for controlled group purposes. Here is the fact pattern involved:

OwnerCorp XCorp YCorp Z
John13%50%0%
Joanne42%50%0%
Maria16%0%34%
James13%0%33%
Frank16%0%33%

John and Joanne are brother and sister. Maria, James, and Frank are children of John. All persons named are over 20.

There are two key attribution rules applicable here:

  1. There is never attribution based on family status between siblings under the controlled group rules. For that matter, there is no sibling attribution under the IRC 318 attribution rules for HCEs, key employees, and traditional affiliated service groups.

  2. A parent is deemed to own the stock of his or her adult (21 or older) children only if the parent already owns, or is deemed to own, more than half of the company.
Put those rules together, and there is no attribution between anybody you've listed on the facts you have given.

Given that, it is clear that there is no controlled group. Y and Z do not have any overlapping owners. X and Z have overlapping owners, but they hold less than half of X, and so effective control cannot exist. X and Y have overlapping owners, but they own less than 80% of X and so a controlling interest cannot exist. So, the three companies are totally separate for retirement plan purposes.

The controlled group attribution rules are laid out in detail in Chapter 7 of my book, Who's the Employer.


Important notice:

Answers are provided as general guidance on the subjects covered in the question and are not provided as legal advice to the questioner or to readers. Any legal issues should be reviewed by your legal counsel to apply the law to the particular facts of this and similar situations.

The law in this area changes frequently. Answers are believed to be correct as of the posting dates shown. The completeness or accuracy of a particular answer may be affected by changes in the law (statutes, regulations, rulings, court decisions, etc.) that occur after the date on which a particular Q&A is posted.


Copyright 1999-2017 S. Derrin Watson
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