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[Federal Register: February 25, 2005 (Volume 70, Number 37)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Page 9258-9260]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr25fe05-23]

=======================================================================
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PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION

29 CFR Parts 4062 and 4063

RIN 1212-AB03


Liability Pursuant to Section 4062(e) of ERISA

AGENCY: Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.

ACTION: Proposed rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The PBGC proposes to amend its regulations to provide a rule
for computing liability under section 4063(b) of the Employee
Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (``ERISA'') when there is a
substantial cessation of operations by an employer as described by
section 4062(e) of ERISA.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before April 26, 2005.

ADDRESSES: Comments may be mailed or delivered to the Legislative and
Regulatory Department, Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, 1200 K
Street, NW., Washington, DC 20005-4026. Comments also may be submitted
electronically through the PBGC's Web

[[Page 9259]]

site at http://www.pbgc.gov/regs, or by fax to (202) 326-4112. The PBGC will make all comments available on its Web site, http://www.pbgc.gov.

Copies of the comments may also be obtained by writing to the PBGC's
Communications and Public Affairs Department at Suite 240 at the above
address or by visiting that office or calling (202) 326-4040 during
normal business hours. (TTY and TDD users may call the Federal relay
service toll-free at 1-800-877-8339 and ask to be connected to 202-326-
4040.)

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James J. Armbruster, Acting Director,
or James L. Beller, Attorney, Legislative and Regulatory Department,
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, 1200 K Street, NW., Washington,
DC 20005-4026, (202) 326-4024. (TTY and TTD users may call the Federal
relay service toll-free at 1-800-877-8339 and ask to be connected to
(202) 326-4024.)

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This proposed rule is part of the Pension
Benefit Guaranty Corporation's (PBGC's) ongoing effort to streamline
regulation and improve administration of the pension insurance program.
    Section 4062(e) of ERISA provides special rules that apply when
``an employer ceases operations at a facility in any location and, as a
result of such cessation of operations, more than 20 percent of the
total number of his employees who are participants under a plan
established and maintained by him are separated from employment'' (a
``section 4062(e) event''). In the case of a section 4062(e) event, the
employer ``shall be treated with respect to that plan as if he were a
substantial employer under a plan under which more than one employer
makes contributions and the provisions of Sec. Sec.  4063, 4064, and
4065 shall apply.''
    Section 4063(b) imposes liability upon a substantial employer that
withdraws from a multiple employer plan. This section 4063(b) liability
represents the withdrawing employer's share of the total liability to
the PBGC that would arise if the plan were to terminate without enough
assets to pay all benefit liabilities. (In general, the total liability
to the PBGC upon termination of a plan is the amount of the plan's
unfunded benefit liabilities, together with interest). The section
4063(b) liability payment made by the employer is held in escrow by the
PBGC. If the plan terminates within five years, the section 4063(b)
liability payment is treated as part of the plan's assets. If the plan
does not terminate within five years, the liability payment is returned
to the employer. The statute also provides that, in lieu of the
liability payment, the contributing sponsor may be required to furnish
a bond to the PBGC in an amount not exceeding 150% of the section
4063(b) liability.
    The statute also specifies a method of computing the amount of the
section 4063(b) liability. Section 4063(b) provides that ``[t]he amount
of liability shall be computed on the basis of an amount determined by
the [PBGC] to be the amount described in section 4062 for the entire
plan, as if the plan had been terminated by the [PBGC] on the date of
the withdrawal, multiplied by a fraction (1) the numerator of which is
the total amount required to be contributed to the plan by such
contributing sponsor for the last 5 years ending prior to the
withdrawal, and (2) the denominator of which is the total amount
required to be contributed to the plan by all contributing sponsors for
such last 5 years.''
    In sum, section 4063(b) imposes liability and provides a method for
determining the amount of that liability--i.e., for determining the
withdrawing employer's portion of the total liability to the PBGC that
would arise if the plan terminated.
    Section 4062(e) provides that, when a section 4062(e) event occurs,
the employer is treated as a substantial employer under a multiple
employer plan. Thus, section 4062(e) creates liability that is
analogous to the section 4063(b) liability arising when a substantial
employer withdraws from a multiple employer plan. Section 4062(e) does
not, however, provide any details as to how this analogy is to be
implemented--i.e., how the total liability is to be apportioned with
respect to the cessation of operations.
    As explained above, when a substantial employer withdraws from a
multiple employer plan, section 4063(b) allocates liability to that
withdrawing employer based upon the ratio of the employer's required
contributions to all required contributions for the five years
preceding the withdrawal. The PBGC has found that application of this
statutory allocation formula is relatively straightforward when
determining withdrawal liability under a multiple employer plan because
it is easy to verify what contributions were required to be made by the
withdrawing employer and what contributions were required to be made by
all of the contributing employers.
    In contrast, when there is a section 4062(e) event, there is by
definition only one employer that contributes to the plan. When there
is only one employer, the numerator and denominator used to determine
the liability under section 4063(b) would always be equal. Thus, it is
impracticable to use the allocation method described in section 4063(b)
to determine the liability arising upon a section 4062(e) event.
Instead, the PBGC has been using the method proposed in this rule to
determine that liability on a case-by-case basis.
    Section 4063(b) of ERISA provides that ``in addition to and in lieu
of'' the manner of computing the liability prescribed in that
provision, the PBGC ``may also determine the liability on any other
equitable basis prescribed by the [PBGC] in regulations.'' Pursuant to
that authority, the PBGC is proposing in this rule a simple,
practicable, and equitable method for determining the liability for a
section 4062(e) event. Specifically, the PBGC proposes to compute that
liability by multiplying the total liability under section 4062 by a
fraction (1) the numerator of which is the number of the employer's
employees who are participants under the plan and are separated from
employment as a result of the cessation of operations, and (2) the
denominator of which is the total number of the employer's employees
who were participants under the plan before taking into account the
cessation of operations. The PBGC would determine the total liability
under section 4062 as if the plan had been terminated by the PBGC
immediately after the cessation of operations rather than ``on the date
of the withdrawal'' (as specified in section 4063(b)), which does not
literally apply in the case of a section 4062(e) event.
    By providing a simple and transparent method for determining the
amount of this liability, this rule will allow plan sponsors who
experience a section 4062(e) event (or believe they may experience a
section 4062(e) event) to readily determine their liability (or
expected liability). Although the proposed rule would specify a method
for determining the amount of the liability imposed by statute, it
would not affect the imposition of liability. Moreover, because the
PBGC has generally followed this method on a case-by-case basis, the
proposed rule would have little or no effect on the amount of
liability.
    Nothing in this proposed rule would affect the computation of
liability incurred when there is a withdrawal of a substantial employer
from a multiple employer plan under ERISA section 4063.

Compliance With Rulemaking Guidelines

    The PBGC has determined, in consultation with the Office of
Management and Budget, that this proposed rule is a ``significant

[[Page 9260]]

regulatory action'' under Executive Order 12866. The Office of
Management and Budget, therefore, has reviewed this notice under
Executive Order 12866.
    The PBGC certifies under section 605(b) of the Regulatory
Flexibility Act that this proposed rule would not have a significant
economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. A section
4062(e) event is generally not relevant for small employers. Most small
employers sponsoring defined benefit plans tend not to have multiple
operations. For these small employers, the shutdown of operations would
be accompanied by plan termination. Section 4062(e) protection is only
relevant when the plan is ongoing after the cessation of operations.
Thus, the change would not have a significant economic impact on a
substantial number of small entities. Accordingly, sections 603 and 604
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act do not apply.

List of Subjects

29 CFR Part 4062

    Employee Benefit Plans, Pension insurance, Reporting and
recordkeeping requirements.

29 CFR Part 4063

    Employee Benefit Plans, Pension insurance, Reporting and
recordkeeping requirements.

    For the reasons set forth above, the PBGC proposes to amend parts
4062 and 4063 of 29 CFR chapter LX as follows:

PART 4062--LIABILITY FOR TERMINATION OF SINGLE-EMPLOYER PLANS

    1. The authority citation for part 4062 continues to read as
follows:

    Authority: 29 U.S.C. 1302(b)(3), 1362-1364, 1367, 1368.

    2. Amend Sec.  4062.1 by adding the following sentence after the
first sentence to read as follows:


Sec.  4062.1  Purpose and scope.

* * * * *
    This part also sets forth rules for determining the amount of
liability incurred under section 4063 of ERISA pursuant to the
occurrence of a cessation of operations as described by section 4062(e)
of ERISA.
* * * * *


Sec. Sec.  4062.8, 4062.9, and 4062.10  [Redesignated]

    3. Redesignate Sec. Sec.  4062.8, 4062.9, and 4062.10 as Sec. Sec.
4062.9, 4062.10, and 4062.11, respectively.
    4. Add new Sec.  4062.8 to read as follows:


Sec.  4062.8  Liability pursuant to section 4062(e).

    If, pursuant to section 4062(e) of ERISA, an employer ceases
operations at a facility in any location and, as a result of such
cessation of operations, more than 20% of the total number of the
employer's employees who are participants under a plan established and
maintained by the employer are separated from employment, the PBGC will
determine the amount of liability under section 4063(b) of ERISA to be
the amount described in section 4062 of ERISA for the entire plan, as
if the plan had been terminated by the PBGC immediately after the date
of the cessation of operations, multiplied by a fraction--
    (a) The numerator of which is the number of the employer's
employees who are participants under the plan and are separated from
employment as a result of the cessation of operations; and
    (b) The denominator of which is the total number of the employer's
employees who were participants under the plan before taking the
cessation of operations into account.


Sec.  4062.3  [Amended]

    5. In paragraph (b) of Sec.  4062.3, remove the references to
``Sec.  4062.8(c)'' and ``4062.8(b)'' and add the references to ``Sec.
4062.9(c)'' and ``Sec.  4062.9(b)'' in their places, respectively.


Sec.  4062.7  [Amended]

    6. In paragraph (a) of Sec.  4062.7, remove the reference to
``Sec.  4062.8'' and add in its place the reference ``Sec.  4062.9''.

PART 4063--LIABILITY OF SUBSTANTIAL EMPLOYER FOR WITHDRAWAL FROM
SINGLE-EMPLOYER PLANS UNDER MULTIPLE CONTROLLED GROUPS AND OF
EMPLOYER EXPERIENCING A CESSATION OF OPERATION

    7. The authority citation for part 4063 continues to read as
follows:

    Authority: 29 U.S.C. 1302(b)(3).

    8. Revise paragraph (a) of Sec.  4063.1 to read as follows:


Sec.  4063.1  Cross-references.

    (a) Part 4062 of this chapter sets forth rules for determination
and payment of the liability incurred, under section 4062(b) of ERISA,
upon termination of any single-employer plan and, to the extent
appropriate, determination of the liability incurred with respect to
multiple employer plans under sections 4063 and 4064 of ERISA. Part
4062 also sets forth rules for determining the amount of liability
incurred under section 4063 of ERISA pursuant to the occurrence of a
cessation of operations as described by section 4062(e) of ERISA.
* * * * *

    Issued in Washington, DC, this 22nd day of February, 2005.
Bradley D. Belt,
Executive Director, Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.
[FR Doc. 05-3702 Filed 2-24-05; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 7708-01-P
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