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Using the Web for Employee Benefits Research: Principal Resources

David Rhett Baker
Copyright 2019, Inc. (but you may reprint this document in its entirety, including this statement, for any purpose)

September 20, 2023
Online at

United States Code

  1. Office of Law Revision Counsel, U.S. House of Representatives

    The site includes "classification tables" showing which U.S. Code sections have been affected by recent legislation.

  2. Government Printing Office

  3. Cornell Legal Information Institute

Internal Revenue Service

  1. Tax Information for the Benefits Practitioner (a section of the IRS web site)

  2. IRS Regulations

  3. Revenue Rulings, Revenue Procedures, and Announcements

    See also: Internal Revenue Bulletins, where all revenue rulings, revenue procedures and announcements are published:

    See also: Advance copies of IRS revenue rulings, revenue procedures, announcements and other administrative documents are published for the press and tax professionals by the IRS:

  4. IRS Forms and Publications

  5. Private Letter Rulings, Technical Advice Memoranda, Chief Counsel Advice

    Note: these can be sorted by "Uniform Issue List number" (e.g., UIL 423.00-00 is "Employee Stock Purchase Plans").

  6. Federal Interest Rates

    Applicable Federal Rates (TimeValue Software)

    Weighted Average Interest Rate Table

    Funding Yield Curve Segment Rates

    Composite Corporate Bond Rate Table

  7. Examination (Audit) Guidelines from the IRS Manual -- see also: EP Examination Process Guide - Section 5 - Audit Guidelines, which includes links to relevant IRS publications and various guidance applicable to EP examinations.

  8. Employee Plans News (newsletter published by IRS)

  9. IRS "Published Guidance" Resource Page

    Hypertext list in chronological order (back to October 2000) of IRS Notices, Revenue Rulings, regulations, Announcements and more, all pertaining to retirement plans. Also has links to interest rate tables (monthly weighted-average interest rates), actuarial tables (section 7520 tables for valuing annuities, life estates, remainders and reversions), the IRS Priority Guidance Plan, and key legislative history affecting retirement plans.

  10. Tax Information for the Benefits Practitioner

    Hypertext links to information on retirement plan forms and publications; plan language resources (LRMs, alert guidelines, cumulative lists, etc.); overview of rules governing 401(k), SEP, SIMPLE IRA, and 403(b), etc.; list of IRS phone forums, benefits conferences, and educational services; the Employee Plans Compliance Resolution System; determination, opinion and advisory letters; examinations; retirement tax shelters requiring special disclosure ("abusive tax transactions"); and more.

  11. Listing of Required Modifications (LRM) Language

  12. Alert Guidelines, Explanations & Plan Deficiency Paragraphs

  13. Cumulative List of Changes in Retirement Plan Qualification Requirements

  14. Employee Plans CPE Texts (Internet Archive)

    Published by the IRS as the Employee Plans Continuing Professional Education Technical Instruction Program for fiscal years 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2013 and 2014. (Not online: 2000, 2005-2012, and all fiscal years subsequent to 2014.)

Employee Benefits Security Administration (U.S. Department of Labor)

  1. DOL Regulations

    Regulations also are published in the Federal Register (see "Federal Register," later in this document). See also the items listed under "Rulemaking and Regulations" at

  2. Advisory Opinions

  3. Information Letters

  4. Field Assistance Bulletins

  5. Technical Releases

  6. Class Prohibited Transaction Exemptions, Individual PTEs, and EXPRO Exemptions (some are not yet online, though)

  7. Publications

  8. ERISA Advisory Council reports

    See also: (includes links to recent written witness statements submitted to the Council)

  9. Search of Form 5500/5500-SF Filings (for 2009 and later plan years; see the link entitled "To search for Form 5500/5500-SF filings submitted via the EFAST2 system, use the Form 5500/Form 5500-SF Search.")

Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation

  1. PBGC Regulations

    Regulations also are published in the Federal Register (see "Federal Register," later in this document).

  2. Technical Updates

  3. Current interest rates for use in termination of single-employer defined benefit plans

  4. Forms for employers and plan administrators

  5. Pension Search Directory (Unclaimed Pensions)

    This online database enables individuals to determine whether PBGC holds benefits for them, under defined benefit plans taken over by PBGC.

Federal Register

  1. Today's Federal Register

  2. Earlier Issues

    View each issue's table of contents, with clickable links to items

    View particular page by specified number

  3. Search the Federal Register

Court Opinions

  1. U.S. Supreme Court

  2. Cornell Law School's Legal Information Institute provides links to U.S. Court of Appeal, U.S. Tax Court, and U.S. Supreme Court cases

  3. Law Library of Congress provides alternate links to U.S. Court of Appeal and U.S. Supreme Court cases

  4. District Court Opinions from many of the U.S. district courts

  5. State Court Web Sites

  6. U.S. Tax Court Opinions


U.S. Government Accountability Office

U.S. Congress

  1. Congressional Record

    Searchable database (select "Congressional Record" in the list in the left-hand column)

    View a particular issue

  2. Thomas Web server provides full text of bills, committee reports and some committee hearings transcripts, at

  3. House Committee on Ways and Means

  4. House Committee on Education & the Workforce

  5. Senate Committee on Finance

  6. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor & Pensions

  7. Senate Special Committee on Aging

  8. The Joint Committee on Taxation "Blue Books" are excellent descriptions of recently enacted legislation.

    Other Joint Committee publications describe recently introduced bills.

Surveys and Research Reports

  1. Center for Retirement Research at Boston College

  2. Employee Benefit Research Institute

  3. International Society of Employee Benefit Specialists (Survey Results)

  4. National Bureau of Economic Research (working papers, generally available as PDF files for a $5 charge)

  5. Pension Research Council of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania

  6. Society of Actuaries

  7. U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO)

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