Venuti & Associates
(Los Altos CA)
Retirement Plan Administrator
Nicholas Pension Consultants
(Rancho Cordova CA / Corona CA)
KB Pension Services
ERISA Compliance Consultant
Employee Fiduciary, LLC
(Mobile AL / Saint Petersburg FL / Telecommute)
Retirement Plan Consultant
DWC - The 401(k) Experts
Account Manager / Client Service - 401k Plans
ABG Retirement Plan Services
(Peoria IL / Telecommute)
Plan Administrator - DC Specialist
(Pompano Beach FL / Telecommute)
Retirement Plan Regional Director
Retirement Plan Consultants
(NC / Telecommute)
Defined Contribution / 401k Retirement Plan Administrator
Pension Consultants, Inc.
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SECTION 1. PURPOSE
This Revenue Procedure contains a model grantor trust for use in executive compensation arrangements that are popularly referred to as "rabbi trust" arrangements. This Revenue Procedure also provides guidance for requesting rulings on nonqualified deferred compensation plans that use such trusts.
SECTION 2. BACKGROUND
The Internal Revenue Service receives and responds to many requests for rulings on the federal income tax consequences of trusts established in connection with unfunded deferred compensation arrangements. In many of these requests, the trust instruments are very similar. Consequently, in order to aid taxpayers and to expedite the processing of ruling requests on these arrangements, this Revenue Procedure provides a model trust instrument that plan sponsors may use.
SECTION 3. SCOPE AND OBJECTIVE
The model trust provided in this Revenue Procedure is intended to serve as a safe harbor for taxpayers that adopt and maintain grantor trusts in connection with unfunded deferred compensation arrangements. If the model trust is used in accordance with this Revenue Procedure, an employee will not be in constructive receipt of income or incur an economic benefit solely on account of the adoption or maintenance of the trust. However, the desired tax effect will be achieved only if the nonqualified deferred compensation arrangement effectively defers compensation. Thus, no inference may be drawn by reason of adoption of the model trust concerning constructive receipt or economic benefit issues that may be present in the underlying nonqualified deferred compensation plan. In addition, the use of the model trust does not change the rules generally applicable under section 6321 of the Code with respect to the attachment of a federal tax lien to a taxpayer's property and rights to property.
The Service will continue to rule on unfunded deferred compensation plans that do not use a trust, on unfunded deferred compensation plans that use the model trust, and, where the model trust is used, generally, on the issue of whether a trust constitutes a grantor trust within the meaning of subpart E, part I, subchapter J, chapter 1, subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. However, rulings will not be issued on unfunded deferred compensation arrangements that use a trust other than the model trust, except in rare and unusual circumstances.
Taxpayers that adopt the model trust and wish to obtain a ruling on the underlying nonqualified deferred compensation plan, must include a representation that the plan, as amended, is not inconsistent with the terms of the trust and must follow the guidelines outlined in Section 4 of this Revenue Procedure and
Revenue Procedure 92-65. Rulings issued on such deferred compensation arrangements will continue to provide that the Service expresses no opinion as to the consequences of the arrangement under Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 ("ERISA"). The Department of Labor has advised that whether a "top hat" or excess benefit plan is funded or unfunded depends upon all of the facts and circumstances. However, it is the DOL's view that such plans will not fail to be "unfunded" for purposes of sections 4(b)(5), 201(2), 301(a)(3) and 401(a)(1) of ERISA solely because there is maintained in connection with such a plan a trust which conforms to the model trust described in Section 5 of this Revenue Procedure.
In addition, rulings issued on deferred compensation' arrangements using the model trust will provide that the Service expresses no opinion on the consequences under subchapter C of chapter 1 of subtitle A of the Code or under sections 1501 through 1504 on the trust's acquisition, holding, sale or disposition of stock of the grantor.
SECTION 4. GUIDANCE REGARDING TRUSTS
01. A private letter ruling on a nonqualified deferred compensation arrangement using a grantor trust subject to the claims of the employer's creditors will be issued only if the trust conforms to the model language contained in Section 5 of this Revenue Procedure. The model language must be adopted verbatim, except where substitute language is expressly permitted.
The request for a ruling must be accompanied by a representation that the trust conforms to the model trust language contained in this Revenue Procedure, including the order in which sections of the model trust language appear, and that the trust adopted does not contain any inconsistent language, in substituted portions or elsewhere, that conflicts with the model trust language. Of course, provisions may be renumbered if appropriate, language in brackets may be omitted, and blanks may be completed. In addition, the taxpayer may add sections to the model language provided that such additions are not inconsistent with the model language. Finally, the submission must also include a copy of the trust on which all substituted or additional language is either underlined or otherwise clearly marked and on which the location of the required investment authority language is indicated.
02. The request for a ruling must contain a representation that the trust is a valid trust under state law and that all of the material terms and provisions of the trust, including the creditors' rights clause, are enforceable under the appropriate state laws.
03. The trustee of the trust must be an independent third party that may be granted corporate trustee powers under state law, such as a bank trust department or other similar party.
SECTION 5. MODEL PROVISIONS
01. The model trust language in this section contains all provisions necessary for operation of the trust except for provisions describing the trustee's investment powers. Provisions agreed to by the parties should be used to describe investment powers. The trustee must be given some investment discretion, such as the authority to invest within broad guidelines established by the parties (e.g., invest in government securities, bonds with specific ratings, or stocks of Fortune 500 companies).
The model trust language contains a number of optional provisions, which are printed in italics and marked as "OPTIONAL." [Editor's note: THESE ARE IN CAPITAL LETTERS, NOT ITALICS.] The taxpayer may substitute language of its choice for any optional provision, provided that the substituted language is not inconsistent with the language of the model trust. The model trust language also contains several alternative provisions, which are printed in italics and marked as "ALTERNATIVE." [Editor's note: THESE ARE IN CAPITAL LETTERS, NOT ITALICS.] The taxpayer must choose one of these alternatives. Items in brackets are explanatory.
02. The text of the model trust follows.
TRUST UNDER ____ PLAN
(a) THIS AGREEMENT MADE THIS ___ DAY OF ___, BY AND BETWEEN ____ (COMPANY) AND ____ (TRUSTEE);
(b) WHEREAS, COMPANY HAS ADOPTED THE NONQUALIFIED DEFERRED COMPENSATION PLAN(S) AS LISTED IN APPENDIX _____.
(c) WHEREAS, COMPANY HAS INCURRED OR EXPECTS TO INCUR LIABILITY UNDER THE TERMS OF SUCH PLAN(S) WITH RESPECT TO THE INDIVIDUALS PARTICIPATING IN SUCH PLAN(S);
(d) WHEREAS, Company wishes to establish a trust (hereinafter called "Trust") and to contribute to the Trust assets that shall be held therein, subject to the claims of Company's creditors in the event of Company's Insolvency, as herein defined, until paid to Plan participants and their beneficiaries in such manner and at such times as specified in the Plan(s);
(e) WHEREAS, it is the intention of the parties that this Trust shall constitute an unfunded arrangement and shall not affect the status of the Plan(s) as an unfunded plan maintained for the purpose of providing deferred compensation for a select group of management or highly compensated employees for purposes of Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974;
(f) WHEREAS, it is the intention of Company to make contributions to the Trust to provide itself with a source of funds to assist it in the meeting of its liabilities under the Plan(s);
NOW, THEREFORE, the parties do hereby establish the Trust and agree that the Trust shall be comprised, held and disposed of as follows:
Section 1. ESTABLISHMENT OF TRUST
(a) Company hereby deposits with Trustee in trust _____ [INSERT AMOUNT DEPOSITED], which shall become the principal of the Trust to be held, administered and disposed of by Trustee as provided in this Trust Agreement.
ALTERNATIVES -- SELECT ONE PROVISION.
(b) THE TRUST HEREBY ESTABLISHED SHALL BE REVOCABLE BY COMPANY.
(b) THE TRUST HEREBY ESTABLISHED SHALL BE IRREVOCABLE.
(b) THE TRUST HEREBY ESTABLISHED IS REVOCABLE BY COMPANY; IT SHALL BECOME IRREVOCABLE UPON A CHANGE OF CONTROL, AS DEFINED HEREIN.
(b) THE TRUST SHALL BECOME IRREVOCABLE ____ [INSERT NUMBER] DAYS FOLLOWING THE ISSUANCE OF A FAVORABLE PRIVATE LETTER RULING REGARDING THE TRUST FROM THE INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE.
(b) THE TRUST SHALL BECOME IRREVOCABLE UPON APPROVAL BY THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
(c) The Trust is intended to be a grantor trust, of which Company is the grantor, within the meaning of subpart E, part I, subchapter J, chapter 1, subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and shall be construed accordingly.
(d) The principal of the Trust, and any earnings thereon shall be held separate and apart from other funds of Company and shall be used exclusively for the uses and purposes of Plan participants and general creditors as herein set forth. Plan participants and their beneficiaries shall have no preferred claim on, or any beneficial ownership interest in, any assets of the Trust. Any rights created under the Plan(s) and this Trust Agreement shall be mere unsecured contractual rights of Plan participants and their beneficiaries against Company. Any assets held by the Trust will be subject to the claims of Company's general creditors under federal and state law in the event of Insolvency, as defined in Section 3(a) herein.
ALTERNATIVES -- SELECT ONE OR MORE PROVISIONS, AS APPROPRIATE.
(e) COMPANY, IN ITS SOLE DISCRETION, MAY AT ANY TIME, OR FROM TIME TO TIME, MAKE ADDITIONAL DEPOSITS OF CASH OR OTHER PROPERTY IN TRUST WITH TRUSTEE TO AUGMENT THE PRINCIPAL TO BE HELD, ADMINISTERED AND DISPOSED OF BY TRUSTEE AS PROVIDED IN THIS TRUST AGREEMENT. NEITHER TRUSTEE NOR ANY PLAN PARTICIPANT OR BENEFICIARY SHALL HAVE ANY RIGHT TO COMPEL SUCH ADDITIONAL DEPOSITS.
(e) UPON A CHANGE OF CONTROL, COMPANY SHALL, AS SOON AS POSSIBLE, BUT IN NO EVENT LONGER THAN ___ [FILL IN BLANK] DAYS FOLLOWING THE CHANGE OF CONTROL, AS DEFINED HEREIN, MAKE AN IRREVOCABLE CONTRIBUTION TO THE TRUST IN AN AMOUNT THAT IS SUFFICIENT TO PAY EACH PLAN PARTICIPANT OR BENEFICIARY THE BENEFITS TO WHICH PLAN PARTICIPANTS OR THEIR BENEFICIARIES WOULD BE ENTITLED PURSUANT TO THE TERMS OF THE PLAN(S) AS OF THE DATE ON WHICH THE CHANGE OF CONTROL OCCURRED.
(e) WITHIN ____ [FILL IN BLANK] DAYS FOLLOWING THE END OF THE PLAN YEAR(S), ENDING AFTER THE TRUST HAS BECOME IRREVOCABLE PURSUANT TO SECTION 1(b) HEREOF, COMPANY SHALL BE REQUIRED TO IRREVOCABLY DEPOSIT ADDITIONAL CASH OR OTHER PROPERTY TO THE TRUST IN AN AMOUNT SUFFICIENT TO PAY EACH PLAN PARTICIPANT OR BENEFICIARY THE BENEFITS PAYABLE PURSUANT TO THE TERMS OF THE PLAN(S) AS OF THE CLOSE OF THE PLAN YEAR(S).
Section 2. PAYMENTS TO PLAN PARTICIPANTS AND THEIR BENEFICIARIES.
(a) Company shall deliver to Trustee a schedule (the "Payment Schedule") that indicates the amounts payable in respect of each Plan participant (and his or her beneficiaries), that provides a formula or other instructions acceptable to Trustee for determining the amounts so payable, the form in which such amount is to be paid (as provided for or available under the Plan(s)), and the time of commencement for payment of such amounts. Except as otherwise provided herein, Trustee shall make payments to the Plan participants and their beneficiaries in accordance with such Payment Schedule. The Trustee shall make provision for the reporting and withholding of any federal, state or local taxes that may be required to be withheld with respect to the payment of benefits pursuant to the terms of the Plan(s) and shall pay amounts withheld to the appropriate taxing authorities or determine that such amounts have been reported, withheld and paid by Company.
(b) The entitlement of a Plan participant or his or her beneficiaries to benefits under the Plan(s) shall be determined by Company or such party as it shall designate under the Plan(s), and any claim for such benefits shall be considered and reviewed under the procedures set out in the Plan(s).
(c) Company may make payment of benefits directly to Plan participants or their beneficiaries as they become due under the terms of the Plan(s). Company shall notify Trustee of its decision to make payment of benefits directly prior to the time amounts are payable to participants or their beneficiaries. In addition, if the principal of the Trust, and any earnings thereon, are not sufficient to make payments of benefits in accordance with the terms of the Plan (5), Company shall make the balance of each such payment as it falls due. Trustee shall notify Company where principal and earnings are not sufficient.
Section 3. TRUSTEE RESPONSIBILITY REGARDING PAYMENTS TO TRUST BENEFICIARY WHEN COMPANY IS INSOLVENT.
(a) Trustee shall cease payment of benefits to Plan participants and their beneficiaries if the Company is Insolvent. Company shall be considered "Insolvent" for purposes of this Trust Agreement if (i) Company is unable to pay its debts as they become due, or (ii) Company is subject to a pending proceeding as a debtor under the United States Bankruptcy Code.
, OR (iii) COMPANY IS DETERMINED TO BE INSOLVENT BY ______ [INSERT NAMES OF APPLICABLE FEDERAL AND/OR STATE REGULATORY AGENCY].
(b) At all times during the continuance of this Trust, as provided in Section 1(d) hereof, the principal and income of the Trust shall be subject to claims of general creditors of Company under federal and state law as set forth below.
(1) The Board of Directors and the Chief Executive Officer [or substitute the title of the highest ranking officer of the Company] of Company shall have the duty to inform Trustee in writing of Company's Insolvency. If a person claiming to be a creditor of Company alleges in writing to Trustee that Company has become Insolvent, Trustee shall determine whether Company is Insolvent and, pending such determination, Trustee shall discontinue payment of benefits to Plan participants or their beneficiaries.
(2) Unless Trustee has actual knowledge of Company's Insolvency, or has received notice from Company or a person claiming to be a creditor alleging that Company is Insolvent, Trustee shall have no duty to inquire whether Company is Insolvent. Trustee may in all events rely on such evidence concerning Company's solvency as may be furnished to Trustee and that provides Trustee with a reasonable basis for making a determination concerning Company's solvency.
(3) If at any time Trustee has determined that Company is Insolvent, Trustee shall discontinue payments to Plan participants or their beneficiaries and shall hold the assets of the Trust for the benefit of Company's general creditors. Nothing in this Trust Agreement shall in any way diminish any rights of Plan participants or their beneficiaries to pursue their rights as general creditors of Company with respect to benefits due under the Plan(s) or otherwise.
(4) Trustee shall resume the payment of benefits to Plan participants or their beneficiaries in accordance with Section 2 of this Trust Agreement only after Trustee has determined that Company is not Insolvent (or is no longer Insolvent).
(c) Provided that there are sufficient assets, if Trustee discontinues the payment of benefits from the Trust pursuant to Section 3(b) hereof and subsequently resumes such payments, the first payment following such discontinuance shall include the aggregate amount of all payments due to Plan participants or their beneficiaries under the terms of the Plan(s) for the period of such discontinuance, less the aggregate amount of any payments made to Plan participants or their beneficiaries by Company in lieu of the payments provided for hereunder during any such period of discontinuance.
Section 4. PAYMENTS TO COMPANY.
[The following need not be included if the first alternative under 1(b) is selected.]
Except as provided in Section 3 hereof, after the Trust has become irrevocable, Company shall have no right or power to direct Trustee to return to Company or to divert to others any of the Trust assets before all payment of benefits have been made to Plan participants and their beneficiaries pursuant to the terms of the Plan(s).
Section 5. INVESTMENT AUTHORITY.
ALTERNATIVES -- SELECT ONE PROVISION, AS APPROPRIATE
(a) IN NO EVENT MAY TRUSTEE INVEST IN SECURITIES (INCLUDING STOCK OR RIGHTS TO ACQUIRE STOCK) OR OBLIGATIONS ISSUED BY COMPANY, OTHER THAN A DE MINIMIS AMOUNT HELD IN COMMON INVESTMENT VEHICLES IN WHICH TRUSTEE INVESTS. ALL RIGHTS ASSOCIATED WITH ASSETS OF THE TRUST SHALL BE EXERCISED BY TRUSTEE OR THE PERSON DESIGNATED BY TRUSTEE, AND SHALL IN NO EVENT BE EXERCISABLE BY OR REST WITH PLAN PARTICIPANTS.
(a) TRUSTEE MAY INVEST IN SECURITIES (INCLUDING STOCK OR RIGHTS TO ACQUIRE STOCK) OR OBLIGATIONS ISSUED BY COMPANY. ALL RIGHTS ASSOCIATED WITH ASSETS OF THE TRUST SHALL BE EXERCISED BY TRUSTEE OR THE PERSON DESIGNATED BY TRUSTEE, AND SHALL IN NO EVENT BE EXERCISABLE BY OR REST WITH PLAN PARTICIPANTS.
,EXCEPT THAT VOTING RIGHTS WITH RESPECT TO TRUST ASSETS WILL BE EXERCISED BY COMPANY.
,EXCEPT THAT DIVIDEND RIGHTS WITH RESPECT TO TRUST ASSETS WILL REST WITH COMPANY.
COMPANY SHALL HAVE THE RIGHT, AT ANYTIME, AND FROM TIME TO TIME IN ITS SOLE DISCRETION, TO SUBSTITUTE ASSETS OF EQUAL FAIR MARKET VALUE FOR ANY ASSET HELD BY THE TRUST.
[If the second Alternative 5(a) is selected, the trust must provide either (1) that the trust is revocable under Alternative 1(b), or (2) the following provision must by included in the Trust]:
"COMPANY SHALL HAVE THE RIGHT AT ANYTIME, AND FROM TIME TO TIME IN ITS SOLE DISCRETION, TO SUBSTITUTE ASSETS OF EQUAL FAIR MARKET VALUE FOR ANY ASSET HELD BY THE TRUST. THIS RIGHT IS EXERCISABLE BY COMPANY IN A NONFIDUCIARY CAPACITY WITHOUT THE APPROVAL OR CONSENT OF ANY PERSON IN A FIDUCIARY CAPACITY."
Section 6. DISPOSITION OF INCOME.
ALTERNATIVES -- SELECT ONE PROVISION.
(a) DURING THE TERM OF THIS TRUST, ALL INCOME RECEIVED BY THE TRUST, NET OF EXPENSES AND TAXES, SHALL BE ACCUMULATED AND REINVESTED.
(a) DURING THE TERM OF THIS TRUST, ALL, OR ___ [INSERT AMOUNT] PART OF THE INCOME RECEIVED BY THE TRUST, NET OF EXPENSES AND TAXES, SHALL BE RETURNED TO COMPANY.
Section 7. ACCOUNTING BY TRUSTEE.
TRUSTEE SHALL KEEP ACCURATE AND DETAILED RECORDS OF ALL INVESTMENTS, RECEIPTS, DISBURSEMENTS, AND ALL OTHER TRANSACTIONS REQUIRED TO BE MADE, INCLUDING SUCH SPECIFIC RECORDS AS SHALL BE AGREED UPON IN WRITING BETWEEN COMPANY AND TRUSTEE. WITHIN ___ [INSERT NUMBER] DAYS FOLLOWING THE CLOSE OF EACH CALENDAR YEAR AND WITHIN ___ [INSERT NUMBER] DAYS AFTER THE REMOVAL OR RESIGNATION OF TRUSTEE, TRUSTEE SHALL DELIVER TO COMPANY A WRITTEN ACCOUNT OF ITS ADMINISTRATION OF THE TRUST DURING SUCH YEAR OR DURING THE PERIOD FROM THE CLOSE OF THE LAST PRECEDING YEAR TO THE DATE OF SUCH REMOVAL OR RESIGNATION, SETTING FORTH ALL INVESTMENTS, RECEIPTS, DISBURSEMENTS AND OTHER TRANSACTIONS EFFECTED BY IT, INCLUDING A DESCRIPTION OF ALL SECURITIES AND INVESTMENTS PURCHASED AND SOLD WITH THE COST OR NET PROCEEDS OF SUCH PURCHASES OR SALES (ACCRUED INTEREST PAID OR RECEIVABLE BEING SHOWN SEPARATELY), AND SHOWING ALL CASH, SECURITIES AND OTHER PROPERTY HELD IN THE TRUST AT THE END OF SUCH YEAR OR AS OF THE DATE OF SUCH REMOVAL OR RESIQNATION, AS THE CASE MAY BE.
Section 8. RESPONSIBILITY OF TRUSTEE.
(a) TRUSTEE SHALL ACT WITH THE CARE, SKILL, PRUDENCE AND DILIGENCE UNDER THE CIRCUMSTANCES THEN PREVAILING THAT A PRUDENT PERSON ACTING IN LIKE CAPACITY AND FAMILIAR WITH SUCH MATTERS WOULD USE IN THE CONDUCT OF AN ENTERPRISE OF A LIKE CHARACTER AND WITH LIKE AIMS, PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT TRUSTEE SHALL INCUR NO LIABILITY TO ANY PERSON FOR ANY ACTION TAKEN PURSUANT TO A DIRECTION, REQUEST OR APPROVAL GIVEN BY COMPANY WHICH IS CONTEMPLATED BY, AND IN CONFORMITY WITH, THE TERMS OF THE PLAN(S) OR THIS TRUST AND IS GIVEN IN WRITING BY COMPANY. IN THE EVENT OF A DISPUTE BETWEEN COMPANY AND A PARTY, TRUSTEE MAY APPLY TO A COURT OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION TO RESOLVE THE DISPUTE.
(b) IF TRUSTEE UNDERTAKES OR DEFENDS ANY LITIGATION ARISING IN CONNECTION WITH THIS TRUST, COMPANY AGREES TO INDEMNIFY TRUSTEE AGAINST TRUSTEE'S COSTS, EXPENSES AND LIABILITIES (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, ATTORNEYS' FEES AND EXPENSES) RELATING THERETO AND TO BE PRIMARILY LIABLE FOR SUCH PAYMENTS. IF COMPANY DOES NOT PAY SUCH COSTS, EXPENSES AND LIABILITIES IN A REASONABLY TIMELY MANNER, TRUSTEE MAY OBTAIN PAYMENT FROM THE TRUST.
(c) TRUSTEE MAY CONSULT WITH LEGAL COUNSEL (WHO MAY ALSO BE COUNSEL FOR COMPANY GENERALLY) WITH RESPECT TO ANY OF ITS DUTIES OR OBLIGATIONS HEREUNDER.
(d) TRUSTEE MAY HIRE AGENTS, ACCOUNTANTS, ACTUARIES, INVESTMENT ADVISORS, FINANCIAL CONSULTANTS OR OTHER PROFESSIONALS TO ASSIST IT IN PERFORMING ANY OF ITS DUTIES OR OBLIGATIONS HEREUNDER.
(e) Trustee shall have, without exclusion, all powers conferred on Trustees by applicable law, unless expressly provided otherwise herein, provided, however, that if an insurance policy is held as an asset of the Trust, Trustee shall have no power to name a beneficiary of the policy other than the Trust, to assign the policy (as distinct from conversion of the policy to a different form) other than to a successor Trustee, or to loan to any person the proceeds of any borrowing against such policy.
(f) HOWEVER, NOTWITHSTANDING THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 8(E) ABOVE, TRUSTEE MAY LOAN TO COMPANY THE PROCEEDS OF ANY BORROWING AQAINST AN INSURANCE POLICY HELD AS AN ASSET OF THE TRUST.
(g) Notwithstanding any powers granted to Trustee pursuant to this Trust Agreement or to applicable law, Trustee shall not have any power that could give this Trust the objective of carrying on a business and dividing the gains therefrom, within the meaning of section 301.7701-2 of the Procedure and Administrative Regulations promulgated pursuant to the Internal Revenue Code.
Section 9. COMPENSATION AND EXPENSES OF TRUSTEE.
COMPANY SHALL PAY ALL ADMINISTRATIVE AND TRUSTEE'S FEES AND EXPENSES. IF NOT SO PAID, THE FEES AND EXPENSES SHALL BE PAID FROM THE TRUST.
Section 10. RESIQNATION AND REMOVAL OF TRUSTEE.
(a) Trustee may resign at any time by written notice to Company, which shall be effective _____ [insert number] days after receipt of such notice unless Company and Trustee agree otherwise.
(b) TRUSTEE MAY BE REMOVED BY COMPANY ON _____ [INSERT NUMBER] DAYS NOTICE OR UPON SHORTER NOTICE ACCEPTED BY TRUSTEE.
(c) UPON A CHANGE OF CONTROL, AS DEFINED HEREIN, TRUSTEE MAY NOT BE REMOVED BY COMPANY FOR [INSERT NUMBER] YEAR(S).
(d) IF TRUSTEE RESIGNS WITHIN ____ [INSERT NUMBER] YEAR(S) AFTER A CHANGE OF CONTROL, AS DEFINED HEREIN, COMPANY SHALL APPLY TO A COURT OF COMPETENT JURISDICTION FOR THE APPOINTMENT OF A SUCCESSOR TRUSTEE OR FOR INSTRUCTIONS.
(e) IF TRUSTEE RESIGNS OR IS REMOVED WITHIN _____ [INSERT NUMBER] YEAR(S) OF A CHANCE OF CONTROL, AS DEFINED HEREIN, TRUSTEE SHALL SELECT A SUCCESSOR TRUSTEE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 11(b) HEREOF PRIOR TO THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF TRUSTEE'S RESIGNATION OR REMOVAL.
(f) Upon resignation or removal of Trustee and appointment of a successor Trustee, all assets shall subsequently be transferred to the successor Trustee. The transfer shall be completed within ______ [insert number] days after receipt of notice of resignation, removal or transfer, unless Company extends the time limit.
(g) If Trustee resigns or is removed, a successor shall be appointed, in accordance with Section 11 hereof, by the effective date of resignation or removal under paragraph(s) (a) [OR (b))] of this section. If no such appointment has been made, Trustee may apply to a court of competent jurisdiction for appointment of a successor or for instructions. All expenses of Trustee in connection with the proceeding shall be allowed as administrative expenses of the Trust.
Section 11. APPOINTMENT OF SUCCESSOR.
(a) IF TRUSTEE RESIGNS [OR IS REMOVED] IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 10(a) [OR (b)] HEREOF, COMPANY MAY APPOINT ANY THIRD PARTY, SUCH AS A BANK TRUST DEPARTMENT OR OTHER PARTY THAT MAY BE GRANTED CORPORATE TRUSTEE POWERS UNDER STATE LAW, AS A SUCCESSOR TO REPLACE TRUSTEE UPON RESIGNATION OR REMOVAL. THE APPOINTMENT SHALL BE EFFECTIVE WHEN ACCEPTED IN WRITING BY THE NEW TRUSTEE, WHO SHALL HAVE ALL OF THE RIGHTS AND POWERS OF THE FORMER TRUSTEE, INCLUDING OWNERSHIP RIGHTS IN THE TRUST ASSETS. THE FORMER TRUSTEE SHALL EXECUTE ANY INSTRUMENT NECESSARY OR REASONABLY REQUESTED BY COMPANY OR THE SUCCESSOR TRUSTEE TO EVIDENCE THE TRANSFER.
(b) IF TRUSTEE RESIGNS OR IS REMOVED PURSUANT TO THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 10(e) HEREOF AND SELECTS A SUCCESSOR TRUSTEE, TRUSTEE MAY APPOINT ANY THIRD PARTY SUCH AS A BANK TRUST DEPARTMENT OR OTHER PARTY THAT MAY BE GRANTED CORPORATE TRUSTEE POWERS UNDER STATE LAW. THE APPOINTMENT OF A SUCCESSOR TRUSTEE SHALL BE EFFECTIVE WHEN ACCEPTED IN WRITING BY THE NEW TRUSTEE. THE NEW TRUSTEE SHALL HAVE ALL THE RIGHTS AND POWERS OF THE FORMER TRUSTEE, INCLUDING OWNERSHIP RIGHTS IN TRUST ASSETS. THE FORMER TRUSTEE SHALL EXECUTE ANY INSTRUMENT NECESSARY OR REASONABLY REQUESTED BY THE SUCCESSOR TRUSTEE TO EVIDENCE THE TRANSFER.
(c) THE SUCCESSOR TRUSTEE NEED NOT EXAMINE THE RECORDS AND ACTS OF ANY PRIOR TRUSTEE AND MAY RETAIN OR DISPOSE OF EXISTING TRUST ASSETS, SUBJECT TO SECTIONS 7 AND 8 HEREOF. THE SUCCESSOR TRUSTEE SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR AND COMPANY SHALL INDEMNIFY AND DEFEND THE SUCCESSOR TRUSTEE FROM ANY CLAIM OR LIABILITY RESULTING FROM ANY ACTION OR INACTION OF ANY PRIOR TRUSTEE OR FROM ANY OTHER PAST EVENT, OR ANY CONDITION EXISTING AT THE TIME IT BECOMES SUCCESSOR TRUSTEE.
Section 12. AMENDMENT OR TERMINATION.
(a) This Trust Agreement may be amended by a written instrument executed by Trustee and Company. [Unless the first alternative under 1(b) is selected, the following sentence must be included.] Notwithstanding the foregoing, no such amendment shall conflict with the terms of the Plan(s) or shall make the Trust revocable after it has become irrevocable in accordance with Section 1(b) hereof.
(b) The Trust shall not terminate until the date on which Plan participants and their beneficiaries are no longer entitled to benefits pursuant to the terms of the Plan(s) [unless the second alternative under 1(b) is selected, the following must be included:], "unless sooner revoked in accordance with Section 1(b) hereof." Upon termination of the Trust any assets remaining in the Trust shall be returned to Company.
(c) UPON WRITTEN APPROVAL OF PARTICIPANTS OR BENEFICIARIES ENTITLED TO PAYMENT OF BENEFITS PURSUANT TO THE TERMS OF THE PLAN(S), COMPANY MAY TERMINATE THIS TRUST PRIOR TO THE TIME ALL BENEFIT PAYMENTS UNDER THE PLAN(S) HAVE BEEN MADE. ALL ASSETS IN THE TRUST AT TERMINATION SHALL BE RETURNED TO COMPANY.
(d) SECTION(S) _____ [INSERT NUMBER(S)] OF THIS TRUST AGREEMENT MAY NOT BE AMENDED BY COMPANY FOR ____ [INSERT NUMBER] YEAR(S) FOLLOWING A CHANGE OF CONTROL, AS DEFINED HEREIN.
Section 13. MISCELLANEOUS.
(a) Any provision of this Trust Agreement prohibited by law shall be ineffective to the extent of any such prohibition, without invalidating the remaining provisions hereof.
(b) Benefits payable to Plan participants and their beneficiaries under this Trust Agreement may not be anticipated, assigned (either at law or in equity), alienated, pledged, encumbered or subjected to attachment, garnishment, levy, execution or other legal or equitable process.
(c) This Trust Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of __________________.
(d) FOR PURPOSES OF THIS TRUST, CHANGE OF CONTROL SHALL MEAN: [INSERT OBJECTIVE DEFINITION SUCH AS: "THE PURCHASE OR OTHER ACQUISITION BY ANY PERSON, ENTITY OR GROUP OF PERSONS, WITHIN THE MEANING OF SECTION 13(d) OR 14(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 ("ACT"), OR ANY COMPARABLE SUCCESSOR PROVISIONS, OF BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP WITHIN THE MEANING OF RULE 13d-3 PROMULGATED UNDER THE ACT) OF 30 PERCENT OR MORE OF EITHER THE OUTSTANDING SHARES OF COMMON STOCK OR THE COMBINED VOTING POWER OF COMPANY'S THEN OUTSTANDING VOTING SECURITIES ENTITLED TO VOTE GENERALLY, OR THE APPROVAL BY THE STOCKHOLDERS OF COMPANY OF A REORGANIZATION, MERGER, OR CONSOLIDATION, IN EACH CASE, WITH RESPECT TO WHICH PERSONS WHO WERE STOCKHOLDERS OF COMPANY IMMEDIATELY PRIOR TO SUCH REORGANIZATION, MERGER OR CONSOLIDATION DO NOT, IMMEDIATELY THEREAFTER, OWN MORE THAN 50 PERCENT OF THE COMBINED VOTING POWER ENTITLED TO VOTE GENERALLY IN THE ELECTION OF DIRECTORS OF THE REORGANIZED, MERGED OR CONSOLIDATED COMPANY'S THEN OUTSTANDING SECURITIES, OR A LIQUIDATION OR DISSOLUTION OF COMPANY OR OF THE SALE OF ALL OR SUBSTANTIALLY ALL OF COMPANY'S ASSETS"].
Section 14. EFFECTIVE DATE.
The effective date of this Trust Agreement shall be ____, 19__.
SECTION 6. EFFECTIVE DATE
01. This Revenue Procedure is effective on July 28, 1992.
02. Ruling requests with respect to grantor trusts used in executive compensation arrangements and subject to the claims of the employer's creditors that are submitted to the Service subsequent to the effective date of this revenue procedure must comply with the terms of this revenue procedure.
03. This Revenue Procedure does not affect any private letter rulings that were issued prior to the effective date. If a plan or trust that was the subject of such a ruling is amended, and such amendments affect the rights of participants or other creditors, such ruling will generally not remain in effect.
SECTION 7. PUBLIC COMMENT
Written comments, including suggested language, concerning the model trust provision contained in this Revenue Procedure may be sent to the Internal Revenue Service, Office of the Associate Chief Counsel, (Employee Benefits and Exempt Organizations), Attention: CC:EE:1:1, Room 5201, P.O. 7604, Ben Franklin Station, Washington, D.C. 20044.
The principal author of this Revenue Procedure is Catherine Livingston Fernandez of the Office of the Associate Chief Counsel, (Employee Benefits and Exempt Organizations). For further information regarding this Revenue Procedure contact Ms. Fernandez at (202) 622- 6030 (not a toll-free call).