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Everything posted by Belgarath

  1. I'd consider referring to an attorney who is familiar with the EPCRS program. (See Rev. Proc. 2001-17 for reference) This can be corrected, and for a heck of a lot less than would have to be paid if it is discovered upon audit.
  2. Thanks PAX! One other question which occurred to me, which is probably galloping paranoia, but the DOL does that to me... The intent of the regulation is very clear - but when I look at the 301.7508A-1©, it doesn't specifically list 5500 forms. It seems to me that these fall under the "other" category, and I can't imagine that the DOL would ever attempt to assert otherwise, lest they be publicly lynched. And that's what I'm going to tell people. Nevertheless, I'd feel better if someone agreed with me that the extensions apply to 5500 filings as well. What do you think?
  3. I agree that 9-15 is still technically the minimum funding deadline. I also agree with PAX that it would be nice to think that there would be some relief, or some "non-enforcement" on this issue, in absence of Congressional action giving official relief. Does anyone know if ASPA is planning some sort of letter to Treasury on this issue?
  4. It's the same answer whether the SIMPLE terminated or not, as long as any money was contributed. As an "active participant" in the SIMPLE plan for, I'm presuming, 2001, his regular IRA deduction is governed by the income limitations. (Joint, if married) He could, of course, make a non-deductible contribution to the regular IRA. But in general, assuming he qualifies, he'd be better off with a ROTH IRA rather than a traditional non-deductible.
  5. An interesting question. And I think that your interpretation is technically correct, under a literal reading of the regs. BUT, opinion was that this was an oversight, and the IRS agreed. According to something I read a while back, this question was actually asked at an ASPA conference a year or two ago, and the IRS agreed that the contribution you describe would count as an annual addition for the prior year. You may want to check with an ASPA person to confirm that my memory is correct.
  6. I'm no 403(B) expert, so I'll defer to those in the know. First, is this a deferral only plan? If not, then they can certainly exclude different classes of individuals, subject to the normal qualified plan nondiscrimination requirements. Assuming deferral only, they can, under 403(B)(12), exclude employees who work less than 20 hours per week. I'm not aware of any provision to allow exclusion of union employees. The independent contractors, (if they truly are) can be excluded, as they are not "employees." Hope this helps, but I'd wait for some more informed opinions before you take mine!
  7. With the numbers you have given, yes, he could get the 15%. Be careful, however, not to just take 15% of 170,000. You need to do the appropriate earned income reductions. For example, if his income was 176,000, and you contributed 6,000 for the employees, leaving 170,000, you would NOT be able to contribute 25,500. Basically, (for 2000 calendar plan year) the employer would need at least 202,942.00 remaining AFTER deducting the employee contribution, in order to receive the maximum.
  8. I'd be concerned too, if I were in their shoes. This is one of those nasty "facts and circumstances" situations. SBJPA was supposed to help clear up some of this, but I think it only made it worse! 414(n) doesn't give a lot of direction, but the conference committee reports to SBJPA are instructive. Assuming these employees aren't common law employees, I'd have to say it sounds very much like they would qualify as leased employees, based upon the facts you presented. If I were the employer, I'd sure want a legal opinion before I attempted to exclude them from my plan.
  9. I had the same question a while back. I couldn't find an "official" cite that I could use to back my assumption that you can use the new rules for 2001 for 403(B). There are sideways references and hints, but I couldn't find anything in black and white. I still think you can, but if asked to prove it, I'd have to do some tap-dancing.
  10. I'm going to tell this client to consult an attorney, but I'm curious for my own information. Client has both a money purchase and a profit sharing plan. 3 HC's, currently no NHC's. In 1994, they had a NHC who was a participant. Their certified census data for 1994 said the NHC terminated employment. Lo and behold, it now turns out that this wasn't true. Don't have the details yet, but it appears that at that time, they shifted employee over to some sort of leasing organization, but continued to employ him full time. NO contributions were made for him in 94-97, when he did actually terminate employment. My best guess is that this would have to be handled under VCP. (took me 20 minutes to figure out which letters went with which correction program - changed a lot since I last looked!) Possibly under VCO, but I'd be concerned that this would be considered an "egregious" failure. Any opinions on this? Also, since contributions under the money purchase plan were missed, will the client have minimum funding penalties as well? Thanks in advance for any opinions you might have.
  11. Here's a good one! A participant in a 457 plan died. 60 years old. Spouse is sole beneficiary. An insurance agent read that you could roll 457 to IRA now, but didn't realize that you couldn't until 2002. The 457 plan was funded with a deferred annuity. What they now want is to 1035 exchange the annuity in the 457 plan to a new annuity, in the name of the Trustee of the 457 plan, but with the deceased as annuitant! Then in 2002, the 457 Trustee, acting upon the instructions of the spouse beneficiary, will roll the money to an IRA in the name of the spouse. I don't have a problem with the second part of the transaction, but how the heck can you do a 1035 exchange when the annuitant is deceased? (The logical approach, to me at least, if the 457 Trustee agrees, is to keep the money there until 2002, then just do a rollover.)
  12. The plan has an operational failure. For correction, you can look to the SVP program - I'd have to look, but I think you'd generally correct under APRSC.
  13. I was wondering about this myself. I didn't look at the conference committee report on this, because I deal very little with 403(B)'s. Was this intentional, or is this a likely target for a technical corrections bill, since EGTRRA axed the exclusion allowance calculation, thereby making the 403(B) tantamount to the "old" C election? Obviously you use the law as is until changed, but for those of you more in tune with the 403(B) world, would appreciate your thoughts on this.
  14. EGTRRA 641© expands this to include 403(B) and 457. My question is, who is the "administrator" under a typical 403(B) salary deferral arrangement? In other words, who will be responsible for this - the employer, or the insurance company, mutual fund, etc.? Thanks.
  15. You can use either. IRS Notice 98-52 originally required that plan year was required. Then they modified this in IRS Notice 2000-3 to allow the "payroll" method. Check Q & A-2 of 2000-3 for the details.
  16. Was the plan effective 1-1-2000, or 1-1-2001? Assuming the latter, you are correct - you would calculate his minimum distribution for 2001 based upon a zero account balance on 12-31-2000 - therefore a zero minimum distribution.
  17. First make sure there is no controlled or affiliated service group. If not, shouldn't be any problem.
  18. Eric - I think folks are just trying too hard on this. Section 401(k) of the IRC, and the accompanying regulations thereunder, specify the rules for 401(k) plans. There is nothing in 401(k) or the regulations which precludes the employer in the situation you described from sponsoring a 401(k) plan. One word of caution - since an S-corp, make sure you use only the W-2 income - you cannot use the "pass-through" income from an S-corp when calculating contributions to a qualified plan. Hope this helps.
  19. I agree with rcline. The fact that they can have a 401(k) is so incontrovertibly established that you shouldn't waste your time proving they can. Tell them to prove that you can't - because they can't prove it. To Eric Cernyar - this is an area which is under constant litigation in the courts. The Supreme Court, in Patterson V. Shumate, upheld that a participant's interest in an "ERISA qualified plan" was exempt from bankruptcy proceedings. Everyone hoped that this would settle the matter. However, as you mentioned, bankruptcy trustees developed a new strategy of challenging the qualified status of the plan, since the "one person" plans are not subject to Title I of ERISA. They have had some success with this for bankruptcy purposes. Also some failures. I don't track the "legal scorecard" but my impression is that they have had far more failures than successes. Any attorneys out there to comment on this? Regardless of the bankruptcy issues, for IRS purposes, assuming you have a proper plan document and follow the normal plan rules, etc., it will indeed be a qualified plan for other purposes.
  20. As we were discussing amendments for our clients, we realized that for BEGINNING OF YEAR defined contribution (money purchase, target) pension plans, the 100%/40,000 limit will not kick in until plan years beginning 2003. Here's how it works: The BOY plan has a valuation date of 1-1-2002. It therefore uses a limitation year beginning 1-2-2001, and ending on the valuation date of 1-1-2002. Since 415 limits are actually for limitation years (which normally coincide with the plan year, but not always), the increased EGTRRA 415 limits for DC plan will be for LIMITATION years beginning after 12-31-01. If you look at the example above, for such BOY plans, the limitation year beginning after 12-31-01 will be 1-2-02, and will be applicable to the PLAN year beginning 1-1-2003. Be careful with your illustrations or what you tell clients on such plans. The above scenario applies to DC plan only, as the DB plan limitation year date is for limitation years ENDING after 12-31-2001.
  21. I agree. This would not normally be considered a "settlor" expense, and the plan can pay it.
  22. Assuming the plan allows it, take a look at 1.411(a)-4(B)(6). With account balance of less than 5,000, after doing all the diligent searches, etc. that folks have discussed, you can treat these as forfeitures. If more than 5,000, it's a little murky, but I'd say that you cannot do it until it could be paid out without participant's consent. Since the advent of 411(a)(11), I'd say that this would usually be normal retirement age.
  23. I'm going from memory here - always a dangerous thing to do, but as I recall, the "60 day" election period, for the first year of a SIMPLE plan, must include either the date the employee becomes eligible, or the day before.
  24. Yes, with death prior to RMD, "old" rules apply, but a surviving spouse can roll to own IRA, and use the "new" rules. Maybe someone else will have a different opinion on this.
  25. October 1 is the latest you can adopt the SIMPLE.
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